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CONTENTS

First Aid Kits

Bandages

Dressings

Pads

Triangular bandages

The Reef Knot

 

 

 

First Aid Kits

Yours first aid kit contains items such as:

  • bandages

  • dressings

  • slings

  • scissors

  • safety pins

However,you will sometimes have to use whatever material you can find.

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Bandages

These are used to:

  • control bleeding

  • keep dressings in position

  • give supports and pain relief

  • restrict movement

  • immobilize fractures.usually with the aid of splints.

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Dressings

Dressings should be:

  • sterile or clean

  • non-stick

They may be made from a singles square of clean cloth.They are used to:

  • control bleeding

  • protect wounds

  • minimize swelling

  • prevent infection

  • ease pain

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Pads

Pads are applied over a dressing for firect pressure.A folder triangular bandage may be used.

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Triangular bandages

Triangular bandages can be used as dressings,pads,padding or slings.If used to bandage a wound,they should be secured with a reef knot.They can be made by cutting a one metre square piece of cloth into two diagonal pieces.To fold a triangular bandage as a pad:

  • fold in half ,i.e. point to base
  • fold in half again to make a broad bandage
  • fold in half again to make a narrow bandage
  • fold ends to middle
  • repeat fold what is left in half to make a pad This may be easily packed away in your first aid kit.
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The Reef Knot

Use a reef knot to secure bandages and slings because:

  • it will to come undone easily by itself
  • it is flat and will not dig into wounds
  • it will not come undone easily undone by anyone managing the casualty.
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[Introduction] [What a first aider uses?] [DRABC] [Shock] [Bleeding] [Burns] [Limb injuries] [Fractures] more coming soon.

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International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Society